With decades of research, it is now fairly established and accepted that there are five different exclusive behavioral traits that describe a personality. These five traits are called Big 5 or OCEAN/CANOE (Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism). Each of these factors represents a range between two extremes, for example, extraversion ranges from extreme introversion to extreme extraversion.
Within the context of procrastination, neuroticism and conscientiousness are the two factors that are intuitively expected to be very important in understanding the vulnerability of an individual to be prone to chronic procrastination. Researchers at the Department of Psychology, State University of Semarang, have conducted a study to understand the relationships between academic self-efficacy, the Big Five personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness), and academic procrastination among undergraduate students. The results showed that academic self-efficacy and the Big Five personality traits predicted academic procrastination significantly. Neuroticism and Extraversion had a positive relationship with procrastination, while conscientiousness and academic self-efficacy had a negative association with procrastination. Furthermore, the study showed that the other Big 5 traits agreeableness and openness were not related to academic procrastination, as thought earlier.
Since the Big 5 personality traits of any individual are considered not to change drastically within a short span of time, early signs of chronic procrastination can be recognized with a Big 5 personality diagnosis and can be intervened to minimize the friction for these procrastinators in their chosen paths. Also, the earlier the person becomes aware of his or her procrastination as a behavioral trait, the sooner they can start working on reducing its devastating impact on life.